Bibliographical sources birthplace of the chronicler Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala

We try to point out some national and international authors, who study the life and work of the chronicler Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala. We must also know the philosopher, writer and historian "RICHARD WILHELM LUDWIG PIETSCHMANN" who discovered the work of the "new chronicle and good governance".
Also we inform students and general readers, there is not much information and research on the biography of the chronicler Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala. But ABRAHAM PADILLA Bendezú, from personal experience, as a learning and professional, was one of the historians who has been dedicated to researching the biography of Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala.



He was born on September 24, 1851 in Stettin and died on October 17, 1923 in Goettingen).
In 1874 he graduated from the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Leipzig to work Hermes Trismegistus in Egypt, Eastern and Greek traditions. Later he was a full professor at the University of Göttingen of Justice in the disciplines of Egyptology and the history of the ancient Near East.
In 1899, Pietschmann took over the post of Director of the Library of the University of Greifswald, in 1902 he was appointed head of department at the Royal Library in Berlin and the first in April 1903 as Director of the University Library. Pietschmann was also professor of Library and served as assistant chairman of the Commission for the Library of vocational training for the examination of more library service in Prussia.

RICHARD PIETSCHMANN is the first publisher in Germany of the work of Sarmiento de Gamboa, was also the discoverer of the new chronicle and good government. The discovery took place in 1908 in the Royal Library in Copenhagen. It is a compact manuscript of 1179 pages, extremely rich in illustrations (a third of the total work), first published in facsimile by the Institut ethnological Paris in 1912.
Its author, an Indian named Guaman Poma de Ayala who claims to be of noble lineage. The date of his birth has just been taken for rapprochement between 1530 and 1550. So suggests the age of "Eighty years," which claims to have around 1615, the date of completion of the work. But the place of family and inheritance Suntuntu San Cristobal in the province of Lucanas (Ayacucho), where his father is principal chief is known. Without explaining the circumstances, he says his mother has a son mestizo, Mass priest who admires Guamán and reverence.



He was born on March 23, 1897 in Pisco, Peru, and died on September 27, 1960 in Lima, he was a prominent historian, lawyer, politician and university professor at the Mayor de San Marcos National University.

He mentions that studies published in Nachrichten Richard Pietschmann of the Royal Society of Goettingen, in 1908 and in the Acts of Congress of Americanists in London in 1912, revealed the importance of indigenous chronicler and hitherto totally ignored. The recent Bolivian edition, made by Posnansky, in which results for the first time in full, to print, the only manuscript reproduced in facsimile edition of Paris, can effectively contribute to the clarification necessary for our historical studies.

Raul Porras Barrenechea, mentions in his book:
Indian reporter: "What does not seem doubtful is that he lived much of his life in San Cristobal de Suntunto and around and was deputy mayor of the region of Lucanas Andamarcas in that population is.

Bibliographic Source: Porras Barrenechea, Raul, El Indio Cronista. Felipe Huaman Poma de Ayala, Lima, 1948, page 23



Abraham Padilla Bendezú, mentions in his book:
" Sondondo, HUAMAN's cradle APPLE. In the Chapter the IVth we underline several times a pueblecito, San Xristophal of Suntunto. (1)
" The doctor bludgeons I accept also the thesis of which Huamán Poma was born in Sondondo. The doctor Aurelio Miro-Quesada Sosa, in his article " New Chronic and Good Government " indicates Sondondo as Huaman Poma's native home. On the individual it expresses: " The Author is the Indian Philip Guaman Poma of Ayala, native of san Christopher of sondondo. (2)
" The place of birth of the chronicler San Christopher de Sondondo, in Cabana's current district of Lucanas's province and it indicates as date of his birth the year 1530 to 1535. " (3)" Major major clarity can ask for concretion him, to establish that in Sondondo King saw the light of the Star. One can doubt this so clear and conclusive declaration?, can major tests be asked on his natal soil? ". (4)

  1. Bibliographical source: Frying pan Abraham B. " Huamán Poma, the Indian crónista draftsman ", Fund of Economic Culture, Pag. 103, Year 1979. (1)
  2. Bibliographical source: Frying pan Abraham B. " Huamán Poma, the Indian crónista draftsman ", Fund of Economic Culture, Pag. 109, Year 1979. (2)
  3. Bibliographical source: Frying pan Abraham B. " You Notice bibilogarficas of Waman Puma ", ALPHA, Magazine. University student. Year the IInd. N º 24, Lima - Peru, 1942. (3)
  4. Bibliographical source: Frying pan Abraham B. " Waman Puma's cradle ", ALPHA, Magazine. University student. Pags. 33-42, Lima - Peru, N º 4, 1943. (4)



Guillermo Ludeña of the Vega, mentions in his book:
" The chronicler repeated times declares that his people is St Kitts of Sondondo or Suntunto, … … (…), where one was finding his house and still his sowings and is the obliged place of his return after his peregrinajes. Also it is the place where he assures to have been administrator, protector, general lieutenant of sheriff of the province of the lucanas, " sister. And prince deste rreyno ".

Bibliographical source: Guillermo Ludeña of the Vega, " The work of the Indian chronicler Philip Guaman de Ayala ", Edit. New Education, Lima - Peru, 1975, Pag.108



Nelson Figueroa Anaya, mentions in his book:
" I Don Philip Huaman Poma of Ayala, naci in San Christopher of Suntunto, a pueblecito lost there in the heights of lucanas, in Ayacucho. For 30 years devote myself to cross almost the whole Peru, of people in people, often without the royal one in the pockets or a grain of maize in the bag … "
Bibliographical source: Nelson Figueroa Anaya, The World upside-down " New Chronic and Good Government ", Edit. New school, Lima - Peru, 1991, Pag.17.



MARÍA PILAR PEREZ CANTO: mentions in his book:
"Therefore, using the data provided by the author himself and those found in the documents cited, admit as a possible birth around 1550 in San Cristobal de Suntunto, Province of Lucan in the present department of Ayacucho." ( 1)
"From San Cristobal de Suntunto the family, consisting of marriage and seven children, moved to Cuzco where the father worked in a hospital natural. He later returned to Guamanga. (2)

Sources: Perez Canto, María del Pilar., Good Government Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala, Quito-Ecuador, 1996, page 32. (1)
Sources: Perez Canto, María del Pilar., Good Government Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala, Quito-Ecuador, 1996, page 37. (2)



Chang-Rodríguez, Rachel says in His book:
"This iconic and linguistic analysis more strange if we Consider Only Knew That the author Huamanga the area well, Especially the part Closest to Lucanas province and people of San Cristobal de Suntunto."

Sources: Chang-Rodríguez, Raquel., The word and the pen first new chronicle and good government, Lima - PUCP, 2005, page 43.