WORK OF FELIPE GUAMAN POMA OF AYALA

 

First Nueua Crown and Good Governance

FIRST nueua chronicle and good government of this kingdom. The conpuesto and segment called the book by Don Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala.

The chronicle that is very useful and good for prouechoso emienda of uidA to Christians and enfieles and to confess the said Indians and their uid and emienda herronía, sauer ydúlatras and confess to them the said Indians and the emienda saserdotes3 of these encomenderos of Indians and magistrates and parents and curates of the Christian doctrine and these miners and those principal men and other Indians chiefs foremen, and other common Indians and Spanish people.

And it's good for those becita rrecidencias and the said Indians general tax and the general becita of Holy Mother sauer yglecia and other things and to restrain their souls and consencias the said Christians, as God threatens us by writing deuina God through the mouths of the saints profretas [sic] Heremías to enter to repentance and change the uidA as Christians, as the prophet Dauid king says in the pezalmo us, "Domine Deus salutis meae," where we put great fear and God desanparos and large penalties for he sent to us every day, as the precursor San Ju [an] 4 Bautista he brought the threats, beatings and punishments of God that we should be in [brakes] two and EMEND in this mundo5.

1 "Crown" in the first line is a later addition to the drafting of the page. It should serve as a heading, and is part of the complex system of headings that Guaman Poma brought along his work.

Despite writing 2A "record 1" Guaman Poma used modern paging system, not the old foliation, and numbered the pages of his manuscript in a non-conventional starting to assign the number one on the back of the frontispiece. "Foja 1" is a later addition to the editorial page, and this is consistent with the pagination of all the work, added after the manuscript was sewn. See this site Adorno, 2002

3 In describing the purpose of his work in this way Guaman Poma will be inspired by the works of religious instruction as the Third exposure catechism and Christian doctrine in sermons [1585] of Father Jose de Acosta and Symbol catholica Indian [1598] Fray Luis Geronimo de Ore. Fray Pedro de Ore, in the preface to the book written by his brother Luis, speaks of the usefulness and benefit of that book for priests and missionaries to the Indians, Guaman Poma expressed the same way and with such words the purpose of your own book covers not only religious community but the behavior of colonial society as a whole.

4 [2004]: Guaman Poma uses this abbreviation for 'John' / 'IVAN' and the corresponding feminine form for 'Joan'. See pp. 14, 15, 445, 446, 485, 639, 643, 695, 771, 772, 773, 790, 794.

5 Guaman Poma took as a model for this paragraph, the Memorial of the Christian life [1566] of Fray Luis de Granada (treated I, chap. 1; treated V, chap. 2, 1945: pp. 205, 301). The purpose of Guaman Poma as a writer, in the light of these references to the biblical prophets, is discussed in Adorno, 1980, [1986] 2000

CORONICA

1 As in many other of his pictorial compositions, Guaman Poma used here the iconography of Christian art in all its details Conventional: Paint God father in his pontifical attire, bringing the triangular halo, the symbol of the Trinity, and the miter, a miter three crowns, which is a unique symbol of the Supreme Pontiff, the hand on the dial indicates the power. Only the dove representing the Holy Spirit would not be a conventional dove, for its exaggerated grip is closer to waman (eagle) that the bird Andean traditional European. Waman Compare the drawing of the coat of arms on the cover of the book.